Research and Publications

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Effect of leaf beetle herbivory on the fire behavior of invasive tamarisk

View brief. This brief evaluates the potential effects of Diorhabda herbivory on tamarisk fire behavior at Great Basin and a Mojave Desert sites.

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Fuel treatments and fire severity: a meta-analysis

View report. In this literature synthesis and meta-analysis, researchers found that the overall mean effect of fuel treatments on fire responses is large and significant, equating to a reduction in canopy volume scorch from […]

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The efficacy of hazardous fuel treatments: a rapid assessment of the economic and ecologic consequences of alternative hazardous fuel treatments

View report. This special report from the Ecological Restoration Institute at Northern Arizona University was presented to the U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Wildland Fire. The goal of this synthesis was […]

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Greater Sage-Grouse National Research Strategy

View strategy. This Research Strategy provides an outline of important research topics to ensure that science information gaps are identified and documented in a comprehensive manner. Further, by identifying priority topics and […]

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Historic fire frequency in mountain big sagebrush communities of the eastern Great Basin and Colorado Plateau

With the possible exception of the northern portion of the Colorado Plateau, fire was historically much more frequent than it is currently the case across the central Intermountain region (Utah and eastern Nevada).

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Conditions favoring Bromus tectorum dominance of endangered sagebrush steppe ecosystems

View article. This study investigated factors controlling cheatgrass invasions in sagebrush systems, including the influence of livestock grazing. It found that cheatgrass invasion was limited where few and small gaps existed between bunchgrass […]

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Trends in surface air temperature and temperature extremes in the Great Basin during the 20th century from ground-based observations

View article. This study analyzed trends in surface air temperature and temperature extremes in the Great Basin during 1901–2010. Researchers found that annual average daily minimum temperature increased significantly during the study […]

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Climate change tipping points: a point of no return?

View brief. This brief highlights that recent fire patterns in the West confirm that warming is already causing changes in forested landscapes that are likely irreversible. Overall, the suite of JFSP studies on climate change and tipping points […]

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Hydrothermal assessment of temporal variability in seedbed microclimate

View article. For this study, hydrothermal germination models and a soil energy and water flux model were used to evaluate intra- and interannual variability in seedbed microclimate relative to potential germination response of […]

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Weather variability, ecological processes, and optimization of soil micro-environment for rangeland restoration

View synthesis. This synthesis (Chapter 4 in Invasive Plant Ecology and Management) approaches restoration with the understanding that precipitation, solar radiation, wind speed, air temperature, and humidity are principal drivers controlling energy and water […]