Seedling-based ecology, management, and restoration in aspen (Populus tremuloides)

View synthesis.

This synthesis presents existing information and identifies critical knowledge gaps in our understanding of seed-based aspen regeneration, in particular as it relates to flowering and seed production, as well as germination, first year growth, and survival of aspen seedlings. This information is discussed further in the context of aspen ecology and its application in both passive and active management approaches to aspen seedling regeneration and restoration.