Livestock grazing effects on fuel loads for wildland fire in sagebrush dominated ecosystems

View synthesis.

This synthesis describes what is known about the cumulative impacts of historic livestock grazing patterns and short-term effects of
livestock grazing on fuels and fire in sagebrush ecosystems. Over years and decades grazing can alter fuel characteristics of ecosystems. On a yearly basis, grazing can reduce the amount and alter the continuity of fine fuels, potentially changing wildlife fire spread and intensity. However, how grazing-induced fuel alterations affect wildland fire
depends on weather conditions and plant community characteristics. As weather conditions become extreme, the influence of grazing on fire behavior is limited, especially in communities dominated by woody plants.