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Pinyon-Juniper Encroachment Education Project Website

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Around the world, woodlands and forests are replacing native grasslands and shrublands which impacts wildlife and people. In the sagebrush biome of the American West, pinyon pine, juniper, and other native conifer trees are expanding into imperiled shrublands. Learn more about the implications of this woodland encroachment and what communities are doing to restore healthy and resilient shrublands.

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Arid and Semi-Arid Lands Seed Technology and Restoration Online Course

Who: This training course was developed in concert with Society for Ecological Restoration and BLM’s National Training Center. It  is available to restoration practitioners within the DOI and our partners. Target Audience: Natural Resource Specialists, Fire, Fuels, Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation, Botanists, Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, Range, Minerals, Mining and Reclamation

What: This self-paced on-line course is intended to serve as an introduction to seed technology and arid and semi-arid lands restoration as a first step towards more in-depth in person restoration and revegetation courses. It provides world-class training on restoring dry land ecosystems, which are critical resources in tackling the climate crisis. By the end of the course, participants will have an understanding of:​ Ecological restoration principles, standards of practice, and concepts to increase the success of restoration efforts​, arid/semi-arid ecosystems and the challenges they pose to successful restoration​, and how to apply ecological restoration best practices and concepts in restoration planning in arid and semi-arid ecosystems​.

Where: DOI Talent Website. Follow these instructions to request course access.

When: Live on Monday, July 18, 2022. This is a self-guided course and FREE and open to ALL.

How: Non-DOI Employees must use the following these instructions to request an account. You should be granted access within 10 business days.


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Western Forbs: Biology, Ecology, and Use in Restoration

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Western Forbs: Biology, Ecology, and Use in Restoration

Forbs (wildflowers) are essential components of resilient, biologically and functionally diverse communities, but their use in restoration and rehabilitation in the Intermountain West remains limited. This online book, Western Forbs: Biology, Ecology, and Use in Restoration, synthesizes all existing research and practical experience gained over the last 20 years. It is designed to aid seed collectors, seed growers, nurserymen, landowners, restoration practitioners, and land managers as they increase the supply and use of native forbs. Each chapter features an individual species’ biology, ecology, seed technology, and use in restoration based on literature and data available at the time of publication. Taxonomic treatments for species follow the Flora of North America (FNA). For those species not yet treated by FNA, nomenclature follows the US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS database, which uses the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) and other species-specific taxonomic sources. This book is funded primarily by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) with additional support from the US Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, the Great Basin Fire Science Exchange, and the University of Nevada, Reno.

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Project Overview and Acknowledgements

Completed Book Chapters (download and open with Adobe Reader for best printing)-

Nettleleaf giant hyssop (Agastache urticifolia)
Orange agoseris (Agoseris aurantiaca)
Annual agoseris (Agoseris heterophylla)
Arrowleaf balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagittata)
Douglas’ dustymaiden (Chaenactis douglasii)
Tapertip hawksbeard (Crepis acuminata)
Limestone hawksbeard (Crepis intermedia)
Blue Mountain (western) prairie clover (Dalea ornata)
Searls’ prairie clover (Dalea searlsiae)
Hoary tansyaster (Dieteria [Machaeranthera] cansecens)
Nakedstem sunray (Enceliopsis nudicaulis)
Dwarf yellow fleabane (Erigeron chrysopsidis)
Desert yellow fleabane (Erigeron linearis)
Shaggy fleabane (Erigeron pumilus)
Aspen fleabane (Erigeron speciosus)
Parsnipflower buckwheat (Eriogonum heracleoides)
Sulphur-flower buckwheat (Eriogonum umbellatum)
Common woolly sunflower (Eriophyllum lanatum)
Showy goldeneye (Heliomeris multiflora)
Fernleaf biscuitroot (Lomatium dissectum)
Gray's biscuitroot (Lomatium grayi)
Barestem biscuitroot (Lomatium nudicaule)
Nineleaf biscuitroot (Lomatium triternatum)
Sagebrush false dandelion (Nothocalais troximoides)
Royal penstemon (Penstemon speciosus)
Yellow bee-plant (Peritoma [Cleome] lutea)
Rocky Mountain beeplant (Peritoma [Cleomeserrulata)
Silverleaf phacelia (Phacelia hastata)
Lemon scurfpea (Psoralidium lanceolatum)
Scarlet globemallow (Sphaeralcea coccinea)
Gooseberryleaf globemallow (Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia)
Munro’s globemallow (Sphaeralcea munroana)
Small-leaf globemallow (Sphaeralcea parvifolia)

Eventually the online book will include at least 98 forb species. Chapters are being developed in order of priority set by BLM personnel, based on the projected importance of each species for Great Basin sites in the greatest need of restoration. The list of species to be reviewed (not necessarily in order of expected completion date).

See also, the Revegetation Catalog for more information on using forbs in restoration.
For biology and ecology information on forbs not in the above list, visit the Fire Effects Information System website. For information on collecting, growing, and restoration uses of native forbs not in the above list, visit the PLANTS Fact Sheets/Plant Guides website.

Corey L. Gucker, Great Basin Fire Science Exchange and University of Nevada-Reno | 208.373.4342 | [email protected] | Boise, ID
Nancy L. Shaw, USFS Rocky Mountain Research Station | 208.373.4360 | [email protected] | Boise, ID


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