Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: Vol. 2 for fire behavior specialists, researchers, and meterorologists

This report synthesizes existing extreme fire behavior knowledge in a way that connects the weather, fuel, and topographic factors that contribute to development of extreme fire behavior. It focuses on the state of the science but also considers how that science is currently presented to the fire management community, including incident commanders, fire behavior analysts, incident meteorologists, National Weather Service office forecasters, and firefighters. 

Synthesizing best-management practices for desert tortoise habitats

Persistence of natural populations of the federally listed desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in the Mojave and western Sonoran Desert partly depends on habitat quality. Tortoises must obtain
protection (provided by native shrubs offering cover and shade), soil microsites free from harmful contaminants for digging burrows, digestible and nutritionally rich forage (typically provided by certain annual and perennial forbs), and drinking water provided by habitats. 

This review synthesizes best-management practices for reducing non-native grasses while increasing native species and desirable features in desert tortoise habitats. 

Read more from the California Fire Science Consortium research brief.


Effectiveness and longevity of wildland fire as a fuel treatment

In the western US, many landscapes have experienced substantial fire activity in recent decades. This study informs decision making by fire managers. Knowing that fire occurrence, size, and severity are limited by recent wildfires should provide greater flexibility and confidence in managing fire incidents and managing for resource benefit. Specifically, the findings from this study can be used by fire managers to help predict whether a previous fire will act as a fuel treatment based on fire age, forest type, and expected weather.

Learn more from the Northern Rockies Fire Science Network research brief.

Restoring desert biocrusts after severe disturbances

Applying salvaged biocrust material to severely disturbed soil rapidly reestablished favorable biocrust characteristics and stabilized soil more than doing nothing. This is likely a useful restoration strategy when unavoidable soil disturbances are planned and there are opportunities to salvage material.

Learn more from the California Fire Science Consortium research brief.